How to Ensure Patient Rights

When it comes to ensuring patient rights as a nurse or CNA, you play an invaluable role. There are few professions that interact as heavily with patients as a certified nursing assistant. With this unique level of interactions comes a unique responsibility. You must actively work to educate and respect the rights of patients, regardless of any situation. In an attempt to clarify the roles and responsibilities of respecting patient rights, the following list of Patient Rights is followed by methods in which you can ensure these rights are upheld, and which you will need to know for your CNA exam (

Respecting and Protecting Patient Rights – A Breakdown

The following are different scenarios followed by what you, as a CNA, can do to ensure these rights are met. This is by no means a comprehensive list, but rather a compilation of the most important rights and how you can ensure these rights are upheld. You may learn these, among others, during your nursing training (see more here).

Patient Right to Understand His or Her Rights – You can ensure the patient knows their rights by meeting with your supervising nurse or social worker and obtaining a copy of patient rights to discuss with the patient.

Treatment Filled With Dignity and Respect – The easiest way to satisfy this right is by simply calling the patient by name, which eliminates any possible misunderstanding that could be viewed as discriminatory by ailing patients.

The Right to Have Needs Met – Do everything within your power to satisfy the realistic needs of all patients.

Be Told About His Current Condition and Treatment Options – As a nurse or CNA, you should never speak for the doctor or other nurses. When a patient asks about his current condition and treatment options, take this question to the lead physician or supervising nurse. Work to have this question answered without giving the answer yourself.

Right to Know Cost of Care – Refer the patient to the accounting department or social worker. While a patient has the right to know what he is being charged, do not discuss this with the patient as this turns into a serious liability on behalf of the health care facility.

Right to Refuse Treatment – All patients have the right to refuse treatment. If this becomes an issue, encourage the patient to ask questions and voice their concerns. Suggest a second opinion, if possible, and speak with your supervising nurse regarding the patient concerns. Never suggest the patient must go through with a treatment.

Receive Treatment by a Physician of Their Choice – Respect their choices regarding who the patient wishes to receive treatment and care from. Try to do what you can to satisfy this right.

Right to Practice His Religion – All patients have the right to practice their religion. Assist the patient to visit their religious services within the facility or offer to call a religious clergy of their choice.


Exploring the Elements of Hospital Care

In the most fundamental sense, a hospital is a specialized facility dedicated to providing care for those who are suffering from great and small illnesses. As a Certified Nursing Assistant, you’ll likely be employed in a hospital or in a facility working close with a local hospital organization. One of the most essential functions of being a CNA is supporting patient comfort and care by assisting nurses and other members of the health care team.

Types of Patients in a Hospital Care Setting

Although you’ll be dealing with a variety of patients with unique health needs, there are two primary patient types found in a hospital setting. The first of these is known as an outpatient. Outpatient care is delivered to patients who require medical services, but are not required to stay overnight. In general, outpatient care is done for those with minor injuries or illnesses. Depending on your employing hospital, outpatient patients are delivered through the Emergency Room or via a walk-in clinic, which is designed for people to arrive without a prior appointment. The second type of patient you’ll deal with in a hospital setting is classified as an inpatient. These patients are those that require to stay in a hospital overnight. Typically, inpatients are suffering from a serious or potentially serious illness or condition.

Two Major Types of Hospital Care Settings

Just as there are a variety of patients you’ll deal with, there are also several types of hospitals you may find employment at. Each hospital features different requirements and regulations for their CNAs; however, the primary job responsibilities are universal.

Specialized Hospitals

Specialized hospitals are unique establishments designed to treat unique and specific patient ailments. These medical facilities provide services for a specific type of illness or condition. Although certain specialized centers may focus on an umbrella condition, which features sub-illnesses or specialties, they are all classified within a primary specialization. The following are the most common specialized hospitals. It’s not unusual for CNAs who wish to work in one of the following hospitals must obtain further education and specialized training according to CNA Certification Scoop.

Obstetric Hospital – A hospital in this specialty focuses on pregnant women and newborn babies. They may also focus on women suffering from reproductive system diseases.

Orthopedic Hospitals – These hospitals focus bone and joint diseases as well as with broken bones and conditions that specifically affect the skeletal system.

Pediatric Hospitals – This hospital primarily focuses on children patients with illnesses and injuries.

Psychiatric Hospitals – Instead of dealing with physical illnesses, these hospitals focus their attention on mental and emotional ailments.

General Hospitals

General hospitals are the most commonly found in the majority of regions. As a new or seasoned CNA, you’ll likely find employment within this specific type of medical facility. In the most fundamental terms, general hospitals are those that provide care to patients of all ages and with a wide array of medical conditions. These institutions typically provide outpatient care, emergency care services, surgical services, testing/lab services and health education classes. Most general hospitals provide a variety of care through individual departments, which assists staff in focusing on one type of patient or illness for the highest quality of care.